Acne is a red irritating skin rash that is almost universal among individuals going through puberty in industrialized societies. It can, however, occur at all ages. About 80% of the world’s population suffers from acne at some point in their lifetime. It occurs most commonly during adolescence and often continues into adulthood. For most people acne diminishes over time. There is, however, no way to predict how long it will take to disappear entirely and some individuals will carry this condition well into their 30s, 40s and even beyond. Apart from physical disfigurement its main effects are psychological such as reduced self-esteem resulting in social withdrawal and even depression.
Acne is a disease that involves oil glands of the skin. It is not dangerous, but can leave permanent scars on your skin.
Your skin has pores which connect to oil glands located under the skin. The glands are connected to the pores via hair follicles. Sebum, an oily liquid is produced by these glands is carried to the surface of the skin through the follicles. When the duct gets blocked, the sebum accumulates inside and gives rise to a pimple, sometimes this is acted upon by bacteria called Propionibacterium Acne.
The types of acne that one can have are as under:
–Whiteheads: Remain under the skin and are very small
–Blackheads: Clearly visible, they are black and appear on the surface of the skin
–Papules: They are small bumps, generally pink in color
–Pustules: They are red at the base and have pus at the top
–Nodules: They are large, solid, painful and are embedded deep in the skin
–Cysts-they are painful and are filled with pus
What causes Acne?
Three factors contribute to the formation of acne:
- Over production of oil (sebum)
- Irregular shedding of dead skin cells
- Buildup of bacteria
Since no single cause has been identified as the sole factor responsible, acne has been appropriately termed as a multifactorial disease.
Those factors which are responsible as causes or triggering the existing Acne is
All types of acne develop when pores in our skin become clogged. The culprit is sebum (oil in our skin).Our bodies produce more sebum when our hormones (androgens) surge. This is why teens get acne .This is why women breakout before their periods. Estrogens, which are female hormones, actually help to improve acne in girls. A woman’s monthly menstrual cycle is due to changes in the estrogen levels in her body. This is why acne in a female may get better and then get worse as she goes through her monthly cycle. Androgens are male hormones that are present in both men and women but are higher in men. Androgens do two things, first they enlarge the sebaceous glands, and second they cause these glands to increase sebum production.
Blame your parents, yes, and the tendency to develop acne runs in families. This may be due to genetic factors that have not yet been discovered.
The scientific research indicates that increased acne severity is significantly associated with increased stress levels.
Propionibacterium acne is the anaerobic bacterium species that is widely concluded to cause acne.
Few facts About Acne:
-Chocolate does not cause acne. While it won’t cause acne research shows that milk, other dairy products and high glycemic foods that affect blood sugar and insulin levels such as bread, mashed potatoes and watermelon can worsen or flare up acne. So, if you like chocolate, stick to dark chocolate
-Bad cosmetics that are not suitable for your kind of skin can lead to bacteria laden pores
-Oil from your scalp can make its way to your face and clog pores there
Greasy hair products and pomades can clog pores too and lead to acne
-What your mother told you is true, you shouldn’t play with your acne
Squeezing or picking at a pimple can irritate the skin making it more inflamed and can lead to infection and scarring
-Acne is not caused by a poor diet and poor hygiene
-Acne is not infectious. You cannot pass on acne on to other people
-Some medications like cough syrups (which contain iodides and bromides) and corticosteroids can produce acne like eruptions
If you want to get cure with acne related problems, then acne care treatment is must for the same.