So, you believe you get enough sleep each night and still have dark circles around the eyes? You are not alone. Tiredness and lack of sleep are only two of the many reasons for these zombie eyes. While hollows could develop under the eyes as part of normal aging, some might see shadows being cast due to puffy eyelids, which only appear like dark circles. The actual reason for “shady” eyes is that veins located just below the skin surface could appear blue or green. In fact, according to an interview in Medical Daily with dermatologist Dr Diane De Fiori, of the Rosacea Treatment Clinic in Melbourne, “If the skin around the eyes is extremely thin, as can occur progressively with age, and/or blood vessels are extremely close to the skin’s surface, this can also give the appearance of darkness because blood becomes visible through translucent skin.”
Common Causes of Periorbital Dark Circles
While illness, alcohol abuse and lack of sleep could lead to dark circles around the eyes, there also are various other reasons for this condition, such as:
- Stress and/or fatigue
- Allergies, especially those that lead to nasal congestion which causes the blood vessel around the eyes to dilate, get drained of blood and darken
- Lack of sleep and even oversleeping
- Anemia, where the iron deficiency leads to the blood being unable to carry adequate oxygen to the tissues around the eyes
- Lifestyle habits, including excessive drinking and smoking
- Abnormal skin pigmentation that leads to irregular melanin production
- Overexposure to the sun
- Fluid retention, which occurs most commonly in pregnancy and in overweight people
- Excess consumption of salt
- Heredity, which can even lead to dark circles around the eyes appearing in childhood
- Periorbital cellulitis
- Aging, which leads to loss of collagen and fat around the eyes, which in combination with thinning of the skin could lead to darkening
When to see a Specialist?
There are some home remedies, like using a cold compress and ensuring enough sleep, that might work. However, if you are plagued by dark circles despite all efforts, it might be time to see a specialist.
This is especially true because there are times that this condition could be a symptom of a more serious health problem, such as trichinosis, hypothyroidism or diseases of the liver. Also, if you find that the discolouration only appears under one eye and does not go away after a few days, you should consult a professional.
A reputed skin care clinic can help formulate a customized treatment regime after establishing the causes for the discolouration.