All forms of hyperpigmentation follows the same kind of process, according to Dr. Mathew Thomas, a Specialist Dermatologist based in Sharjah. “Darkening of the skin due to the over-production of melanin by overactive pigment cells called melanocytes.” However, there are none that is aesthetically pleasing to the eye. If you are someone who has suffered from uneven skin tone, you know what I am referring to. This is more common in women as compared to men, as along with sun damage, other causes for pigmentation involve hormonal changes during pregnancy. Even among women, it is more common among Hispanic and Asian women than those of other ethnicity. Before you determine the best skin pigmentation treatment for you, it is essential to understand the different types of hyperpigmentations that occur commonly.
3 Most Common Forms of Hyperpigmentation
Dark Spots or Age Spots: Perhaps the most common occurrence of all types of pigmentation, they are caused by sun exposure and are therefore found on the exposed areas of the body.
Melasma or Cloasma: This is the official name for the infamous ‘mask of pregnancy’ as it occurs from hormonal imbalances caused by pregnancy or birth control pills.
Post-inflamatory Hyperpigmentation: This is commonly found in people who have suffered severe acne or in those that have had a reaction to chemicals. It is usually an after-effect of a trauma to the upper layers of the skin.
How to Treat Your Skin Pigmentation?
One of the most effective skin pigmentation treatment in recent times is a customized process of advanced laser therapy accompanied by chemical peels, which is then followed up by the patient at home with effective products. Fractional Q-Switched Nd: YAG technology is used to beam ultra short pulses of laser into the affected area of the dermis. As a result the concentration of melanin in that area is dispersed, resulting in disappearance of the darkened spots. This is followed by peels that help to lighten the skin tone and give it an even tone.
Can it Recur?
However, no skin pigmentation treatment can be permanent as exposure to the sun can cause them to recur. This is why it is essential to take precautions after the treatment by using a broad based sunscreen lotion with SPF 50 or higher and preventing direct exposure to sunlight in whatever way possible. Hormonal changes after menopause may also cause darkening of facial skin, which can be treated by both external as well as internal measures.