How can you tell if you suffer from skin pigmentation? These four changes in your skin can provide a hint.
The skin is the most wondrous organ in the body. Very rarely does it fail to indicate a disorder or ongoing imbalance inside our bodies. Stress, lack of sleep, ageing, poor diet…all of these leave their mark on the skin in different ways. Previously lithe and radiant skin may become dull and oily, signalling a change in composition or a hormonal imbalance, for instance. If there is something undesirable happening beneath the skin, it will surely leave its traces on the outside.
The same happens with pigmentation. Skin pigmentation is any change in the skin’s appearance or texture. It is normally a topical problem, but it may be brought on by a deeper health issue within. Most people confuse dull patches with pigmentation – however, these patches may arise out of dryness and ageing. Besides, skin pigmentation manifests itself in more ways than just patches. It is the result of changes in the melanin structure of the skin. Though melanin must be uniformly distributed all over the skin’s surface, sometimes it tends to accumulate in a cluster or become sparse in certain areas.
These are four main signs of skin pigmentation:
- Darker or paler patches: Often, changes in the blood’s quality and composition may cause its haemoglobin level to decrease. This is caused either by hormonal disturbances or blood disorders. It often manifests itself as a dark patch on the skin. Dark patches may also be caused by tanning in harsh sunlight. In contrast, the skin may develop light patches – these are most commonly seen after a long illness or after undergoing treatment using antibiotics.
- Brown spots. Age spots are also a sign of skin pigmentation. These appear in ones or twos on the face or neck. However, if you see a cluster of coffee-coloured or dark brown spots in one area, it can be indicative of a nerve disorder.
- Wine-coloured spots: These indicate a blood disorder or lack of adequate blood circulation to certain organs or areas of the skin. Most people have wine coloured patches of skin at birth, which are normally harmless and which fade over time. However, if you develop these spots or patches in adulthood, it is better to get yourself checked for blood disorders.
- Moles. Everybody has moles, and they are often formed at birth or in childhood and become a permanent fixture on the skin. But at some time, you might notice a fresh outgrowth of moles that may have a texture different from that of the surrounding skin. If the mole becomes ‘raised’ or rough to the touch, or sore and painful, it needs to be investigated by a doctor immediately.