Out of 412 respondents in a cross-sectional survey conducted among post menarche secondary school students in Giza, Egypt, 95% reported menstrual disorder, according to a research paper published by BMC Women’s Health in September 2015. A normal menstrual cycle is one of the most important indicators of a healthy female body. Menstruation is a natural process through which your body sheds the unused egg from the ovaries and the waste material from the uterus every month.
Reasons for Missing Your Periods When It’s Not Pregnancy
When you miss your periods, your first conclusion would be pregnancy. It would be exciting news if you are trying to conceive, but it can send you in a state of panic and utter confusion when you dread the thought of being pregnant.
An irregular menstrual cycle can also be caused by reasons other than pregnancy. It is most common for the monthly cycle to be irregular during menarche and menopause. Given below are four unnatural causes of a delayed or missed period:
- Stress – People are often aware that stress causes weight gain, acne and other issues. Similarly, it can also affect your periods. When you are under emotional or physical stress, your body can temporarily shut down the reproductive system, causing a delay in menstruation. A similar situation arises when you are sick at the time of ovulation. It may be a common cold, but the body prioritises its functions and the reproductive system may not top the charts.
- Thyroid Issues and Weight Problem – You might experience irregularities in your periods if you are overweight or underweight. Your weight affects the functioning of the hypothalamus which is responsible for regulating various bodily functions, including your menstruation. Similarly, an overactive or underactive thyroid gland affects the hormones in your body, thereby affecting your periods.
- Birth Control – You might notice irregularities when you go on or off birth control pills. These pills contains hormone such as estrogens and progestin which prohibit the release of ova. It might even take months for your menstruation to get back to normal after you stop taking these pills.
- PCOS and Chronic Diseases – PCOS, or Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome, is a condition where the female body produces excess male hormones. In such a situation, cysts are formed in the ovaries and ovulation might be disrupted. Chronic disease such as kidney issues and diabetes can also affect your menstrual cycle.
A delay in periods may also be caused by a change in routine and exercising. If you have been experiencing delays in menstruation month after month, it is a good idea to see a doctor and get a proper diagnosis.