In 1897, Sir Ronald Ross identified a tropical species as the vector for deadly malaria and named it the “mosquito.” Ever since then, humans have been wary of this insect and rightly so. Out of all the disease-transmitting insects, mosquitoes are the most dangerous, spreading malaria, yellow fever and dengue. Malaria is endemic in 91 countries and about 40% of the population of the world is at risk. Saudi Arabia is not different.
Every year, 500 million cases of malaria are registered and around 2.7 million people die annually across the world, with 90% of these cases occurring in Africa. Dengue is another deadly disease caused by a mosquito bite, with 2,500 million people at risk worldwide in more than 100 countries. According to a local survey in Saudi Arabia, several doctors reported a dramatic rise in the number of patients bitten by mosquitoes due to the rise in warm weather in the country.
To avoid mosquito bites, you should always keep mosquito repellents handy. Here are some other ways to stay protected.
Keep a Check on Breeding
The best way to get rid of mosquitoes from your home and even locality is to keep a check on their breeding sites. According to Jim Fredericks, PhD, chief entomologist for the National Pest Management Association, “Something as small as a bottle cap can be a breeding spot for mosquitoes.” So, make sure that there is no stagnant water in and around your home. Ponds, garbage bins and improperly drained yards also attract mosquitoes. Remove all cans or canisters that can collect rain water or keep them under a shed. If you have a bird bath, then replace the water every two days.
Precaution and Protection
Wear full sleeved clothes whenever possible. Less exposed skin naturally means less mosquito bites. Keep the windows and doors of the house closed to reduce the entry of these insects and turn on the fan of the room where you are sitting. A strong breeze can deter mosquitoes from landing on you.
Lastly, use mosquito repellents. Use a bug spray to get rid of insects but make sure not to use it in a way that makes contact with sensitive body parts like the eyes or mouth. Apply ointment based mosquito repellents on the skin before sleeping to avoid bites at night.
Maintaining a healthy diet is the key to staying healthy. Ensure a balanced diet for yourself and your family and keep all leftovers well covered and away from insects of any kind.