It is common among women to experience small amounts of urine leakage from time to time. When this loss becomes more frequent and is involuntary, it is called urinary incontinence. It is caused by:
- Hormone problems
- Nervous system problems
- Pelvic support problems
Lack of knowledge about this could make you panic if there is a leak. However, it is important to realise that it is very common in countries like America, Lebanon and Australia, with as many as 13 million Americans facing it as of 2014.
If you believe that you are also facing this issue, don’t worry, it can be managed by these easy methods.
Pelvic Floor Exercises
The urine is held by the pelvic muscles and if they are weakened due to pregnancy, prostate surgery and or being overweight, it can case leakage. To improve the symptoms, these muscles have to be strengthened and this could be done through pelvic exercises. Kegel is one such exercise, in which people are asked to hold their urine for as long as they can. It not just prevents leakage but also reduces sudden urges to urinate.
Drink Less Liquid
Incidents of leakage are more when the bladder is full. Both caffeine and alcohol make you produce more urine, so reduce their intake. Even drinking too much of water can make your run to the bathroom all day. Drink 6 to 8 glasses in the day and reduce the amount your drink after 8 pm, if you tend to urinate at night. Don’t be too conscious about it because even if you don’t drink at all, the body will still produce urine and will also cause irritation in the lining of the bladder.
Shed Some Weight
Obesity can worsen the situation. Studies have been proven that excess body weight puts more pressure on the bladder or the urethra, leading to more leaks. This is often related to stress incontinence and can be improved upon with weight loss.
Managing Functional Incontinence
Functional incontinence is a situation when a person doesn’t recognize the need to go to the bathroom or doesn’t recognize where the bathroom is. Normally, people going through this disorder require special residential care.
This situation can be managed by providing easy access to the toilet, clear signage and a pleasant environment. They also need to be provided with clothing that is easy to remove so that they can access the toilet quickly and easily. The care taker also needs to maintain the patient’s toilet routine and be available whenever assistance is required.
Another option is to use incontinence products that can be a huge help, especially at night, during sleep.